義大利曾對康、梁的事蹟有過研究，主要是白佐良（Giuliano Bertuccioli）與馬西尼（Federico Masini），他們曾一起撰寫自漢代至20世紀的中義關係史。也有一些關於這段歷史的專文，其中包括針對梁啟超撰寫的有關三位義大利統一運動領袖人物的文章的研究。
今天，借助信息資源的數位化，我們可以近距離地探查這段歷史進程， 深入了解1898年至1904年，即馬志尼、加里波底和加富爾的名字頻繁出現在中國文獻中的這一歷史時期的相關情況 。參考國立政治大學提供的關於晚清史料的資料庫後，我的演講將為這為期短暫的歷史現象提供新的觀點。除了分析1898至1902年義大利復興運動三傑的名字被引用率的上升，以及之後兩年間迅速地下滑的整體趨勢之外，也將初步探討晚清學者就此三位人物的討論與看法。
During the major part of the 19th century information about Italy in the Chinese sources was rather scanty and mediated by the Protestant missionaries coming from northern Europe and America, who compiled books on world geography and history. During the last decades of the 19th century some information about the Italian Risorgimento started to circulate in China thanks to some Chinese travel diaries abroad, which integrated the knowledge provided by other sources. Then, after the failure of the One Hundred Days reform movement in 1898, some of the major protagonists of the Late Qing period, such as for instance Liang Qichao and Kang Youwei, started to look at Italy as a source of inspiration for China: in their view, if that small country, though divided and oppressed by foreign powers for decades, had found the strength to rise up and reach unification, China as well could find the way to oppose to foreign oppression and walk towards modernity. They thus actively contributed to modify the image of Italy that had so far been circulating in the late Qing sources.
This phenomenon was studied so far by a few sinologists, especially Giuliano Bertuccioli (白佐良) and Federico Masini, who jointly wrote a book on the relationships between China and Italy from Han times to the beginning of the 20th century. They also wrote a few essays on specific aspects or protagonists of this story, including a few articles on Liang Qichao’s writings about three of the major Risorgimento leaders. Nowadays, the availability of many digitized sources allow us to take a closer look into this historical process, providing a much more detailed picture of what happened in this respect, especially during the period from 1898 to 1904, when the name of Mazzini, Garibaldi and Cavour circulated quite frequently and widely in the Chinese sources. For this occasion, based on the information provided by a database on Late Qing sources so far available only at Zhengzhi University in Taipei, the speaker will provide a new insight on this short-lived phenomenon. Besides examining the general trend, which saw a progressive increase of the number of quotations from 1898 to 1902 and a rapid decline in the following two years, the speaker will present a preliminary analysis of the Late Qing literati that participated in the debate and the points of view they expressed.