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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary A


葡萄酒字彙 A

GLOSSARY A

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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary A


葡萄酒字彙 A

GLOSSARY A

 

ABBOCCATO

微甜。

Semi-dry. Less sweet than amabile.

 

AERAZIONE

醒酒,旋搖酒杯讓酒接觸空氣「呼吸」,然而讓瓶裝酒(多為紅酒)醒酒是否會改進品質仍無定論。充氣可以使含單寧酸的新酒變得溫和一點,卻可能使陳酒洩氣。

Aeration. Letting a wine "breathe" in the open air by swirling it in a glass. It is debatable whether aerating bottled wines (mostly reds) improves their quality. Aeration can soften young, tannic wines, but it may fatigue older ones.

 

AFFUMICATO

形容酒帶有煙燻木頭及土壤的香味或滋味。

Smokey. A descriptor for wines that have aromas and flavours of smoked wood and earth.

 

AMARO

「苦」的意思,用來形容幾種消化特質。

Italian for bitter. It is used to describe several types of digestives.

 

ANNATA

酒的年份。

A wine's vintage year.

 

AROMA

酒的氣味,尤其是指在熟成的頭幾年,主要的氣味都跟這時的葡萄有關(也稱為Primary)。

The smell of a wine, especially in the first years of maturity, when the prevalent smell is related to the grapes (also called primary); the character of a wine as determined by the smell. Also called aroma; includes bouquet.

 

AROMA DI FIORE

花香,形容新酒的香味帶有花的味道。

Flowery. A description of the aroma of a young wine that smells of flowers.

 

AROMATICO

酒的芳香氣息,形容釀酒用的葡萄所產生之香氣,這種香氣是持續的。

A descriptor for a wine whose odor smells of the grapes from which it was made. The scent is constant.

 

ASCIUTTO

不甜,指酒沒有甜味或者甜度極低,也可指酒的質感,與「澀」同義。

Dry. A wine that has no or little sweetness. Can also apply to the texture of wine, as a synonym for "Astringent".

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary B


葡萄酒字彙 B

GLOSSARY B

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary B


葡萄酒字彙 B

GLOSSARY B

 

BARRICATO

橡木桶味,這個詞的用法仍有疑議,形容酒的香味與滋味受到桶裝發酵或在桶裝陳年過久而強烈受影響。

Oaky. A questionable descriptor of wines whose aromas and flavours have been strongly influenced by either barrel-fermentation or excessive barrel aging. Not a compliment.

 

BIANCO

白(酒)。

White (wine).

 

BOTTIGLIA

瓶。

Bottle.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary C


葡萄酒字彙 C

GLOSSARY C

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary C


葡萄酒字彙 C

GLOSSARY C

 

CANTINA

酒窖或酒廠。

Cellar or winery. 

 

CLASSICO

經典或典藏的,DOC製酒區的歷史核心。

The historic core of a DOC wine production zone.

 

COMPLESSO

豐富多樣,形容好酒擁有多層次的香味與滋味,通常是經由熟成的過程而產生的香氣與風味。

Complex. A descriptor for fine wines that have many layers of aromas and flavours, usually well integrated by maturity.

 

CONSORZIO

生產者聯盟。

Consortium of producers.

 

CORPO

酒體(稠度),酒的重量在口中呈現的質感,指的是酒精與糖分的混合程度而非滋味的強度。其程度又分為輕度、中度與濃郁三級。

Body. The textural impression of the wine's weight in the mouth, a combination of alcohol and sugar, rather than flavour intensity. Subcategories are light-bodied, medium-bodied and full-bodied.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary D


葡萄酒字彙 D

GLOSSARY D

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary D


葡萄酒字彙 D

GLOSSARY D

 

DECANTARE

換裝酒瓶,在飲用前將酒的沈澱物分離之過程,作法是將瓶中的酒倒到別的容器裡。

Decant. The process of separating the sediment from a wine before drinking. Accomplished by pouring the wine from its bottle into another container.

 

DOLCE

甜。甜度是品酒的主要感覺指標。由於葡萄的糖份並未完全轉變成酒精,所以會殘留比較高的糖含量。

Sweet. Sweetness is the dominant sensation in tasting the wine. There is a high residual sugar content because the grape sugar is not completely converted to alcohol.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary E


葡萄酒字彙 E

GLOSSARY E

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary E


葡萄酒字彙 E

GLOSSARY E

 

EQUILIBRIO

均衡度,酒中主要成分(酒精、糖、酸之類)之諧和,通常好酒的各種滋味均衡時就會有這種特質。

Balance. The agreement of the main components (alcohol, sugar, acid, and the like) in a wine, usually achieved by fine wines in the form of balance of flavours.

 

ERBACEO

形容酒帶有新鮮青草或乾草的香味(Cabernet Franc或Merlot品種的典型特色)。

Herbaceous. A description of a wine with an aroma of fresh grass or hay (typical of Cabernet Franc or Merlot).

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary F


葡萄酒字彙 F

GLOSSARY F

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary F


葡萄酒字彙 F

GLOSSARY F

 

FERMENTATO IN BOTTE

桶裝發酵,指將酒放在木桶(通常是橡木桶)內發酵與完全釀成,使其滋味更豐富多樣、更完整。

Barrel-fermented. It is said of wines that are fermented and completely vinified in wood (usually oak) barrels, allowing for more complexity, and better integration.

 

FERMENTAZIONE

發酵,酵母把糖轉變為酒精與碳酸的過程,藉此將葡萄果汁變成酒。

Fermentation. The process by which yeast converts sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide, thereby turning grape juice into wine.

 

FERMENTAZIONE NATURALE

自然發酵。

Natural fermentation.

 

FERMO

形容酒的口感很堅實,通常含有高單寧酸或者酸度很高。

Firm. A descriptor for wines that are solid and stern, usually with a high tannin or acidity.

 

FORTIFICATO

形容藉由添加白蘭地或者中性酒來增加酒的酒精含量。

Fortified. Describes a wine whose alcohol content has been increased by the addition of brandy or neutral spirits.

 

FRESCO

形容酒在口中的感覺清爽、清新且微帶強烈氣息,與「柔順」相對。

Crisp. A descriptor for wines that feel clean, fresh, and slightly pungent in the mouth. Opposite of "Soft".

 

FRIZZANTE

形容酒中冒著一點嘶嘶氣泡。

An Italian term to describe a wine that is fizzy and lightly bubbling.

 

FRUTTATO

果味,廣泛形容酒帶有水果的香味與滋味(最好細分為某種特定水果,例如蘋果或梨)。有時這個詞會誤解為與「甜」同義,因為聽起來似乎在某種程度上或者在熟成的某階段都是酒應該有的特色。

Fruity. A broad descriptor for wines that have aromas and flavours that suggest fruit (better if broken down into specific types of fruit, as apples or pears). Misperceived as a synonym for "Sweet", while all sound wines must be, in some degree and at some stage of their maturation.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary G


葡萄酒字彙 G

GLOSSARY G

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary G


葡萄酒字彙 G

GLOSSARY G

 

GENEROSO

形容酒性很直接、討喜,讓人易懂,不會予人複雜難瞭的感覺。

Generous. A descriptor for wines that are expressive and pleasant, but rarely subtle and complex.

 

GRANDE

形容酒很潤、很豐富、很醇,而且通常酒精度也較高。

A descriptor for wines that are rich, full, intense, and usually high in alcohol.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary I


葡萄酒字彙 I

GLOSSARY I

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary I


葡萄酒字彙 I

GLOSSARY I

 

IMBOTTIGLIATO

裝瓶。

Bottled.

 

IMBOTTIGLIATO DAL PRODUTTORE ALL'ORIGINE

由生產者在產地裝瓶。

Bottled by the producer at the source.

 

IMBOTTIGLIATO DALLA CANTINA SOCIALE

由合作酒廠裝瓶。

Bottled by a cooperative winery.

 

INVECCHIAMENTO IN BOTTIGLIA

瓶裝熟化,酒在上市前裝在瓶中成熟的部分過程,酒的化學性質與感覺刺激性在這期間變穩定,並且發展出比較豐富多樣的果香味與滋味。

A part of the maturation process that takes place in the bottle before release. It allows the wine to reach chemical and organoleptic stability, and to develop more complex aromas and flavours.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary L


葡萄酒字彙 L

GLOSSARY L

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary L


葡萄酒字彙 L

GLOSSARY L

 

LISCIO

形容酒的質感(口感)像絲般的柔滑高雅。

Silky. A descriptor of wines that have a smooth, elegant texture (mouthfeel).

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary M


葡萄酒字彙 M

GLOSSARY M

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary M


葡萄酒字彙 M

GLOSSARY M

 

MATURO

成熟,可以飲用了。

Mature. Ready to drink.

 

METODO CLASSICO

形容用瓶裝發酵法製造的氣泡酒,是「像香檳一般」的替代用語,因為與「香檳」有關的詞已經不能在義大利使用。

Metodo classico or tradizionale. Terms for sparkling wine made by the bottle fermentation method, replacing the terms champenois or champenoise, which can no longer be used in Italy.

 

MILLESIMATO

標明葡萄採收或釀造年份的氣泡酒。

Vintage dated sparkling wine.

 

MORBIDO

柔順,形容酒具有極少或完全沒有酸度與單寧酸(可能會影響均衡度)。

Soft. It is said of a wine that has little or no acidity and tannin (potentially a problem for balance).

 

MOSTO

葡萄壓榨成的未發酵果汁;桶槽內在轉變成酒之前的葡萄汁。

Must. The unfermented juice of grapes extracted by crushing or pressing; the grape juice in the cask or vat before it is converted into wine.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary N


葡萄酒字彙 N

GLOSSARY N

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary N


葡萄酒字彙 N

GLOSSARY N

 

NERO

黑色。

Black.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary P


葡萄酒字彙 P

GLOSSARY P

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary P


葡萄酒字彙 P

GLOSSARY P

 

PASSATO

形容酒失去了新鮮、年輕的品質,意思與新鮮相對。

Stale. Descriptor for wines that have lost their fresh, youthful qualities; opposite of fresh.

 

PASSITO

一種用部分乾燥的葡萄(以濃縮滋味)製成的葡萄酒風格,是釀製甜酒用的典型技術。

Wine style made from partially dried grapes (to concentrate flavours). Technique typically used to make sweet wines.

 

PASTOSO

中度不甜。

Medium-dry.

 

PERMANENZA

酒的餘味在口中持續縈繞的感覺,象徵酒的品質。

Length. The sustained impression on the palate of the finish of the wine, a sign of quality.

 

PIENO

飽滿,形容酒具有由多種物質產生的大量氣味。

Full. A descriptor for a wine that has a vast odor produced by numerous substances.

 

POTENTE

強而有力。

Potent. Intense and powerful.

 

PROFUMO DI TERRA

形容酒中帶有土壤與土中礦物質殘留的香味與滋味,是酒的滋味均衡度之重要成分。

Earth. A descriptor for wines that have aromas and flavours reminiscent of the soil and its minerals, an important component of the wine's flavour balance.

 

PUNGENTE

形容酒因酸度很高而具有強烈的氣味。

Pungent. A wine with a powerful, assertive smell linked to a high level of acidity.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary R


葡萄酒字彙 R

GLOSSARY R

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary R


葡萄酒字彙 R

GLOSSARY R

 

RECIOTO

以Passito方式用部分乾燥葡萄釀製的酒,通常比較甜也比較烈。

Wine made from partly dried grapes in the Passito style. Often sweet and strong. 

 

RETROGUSTO

餘味。品嚐後將酒吐出或嚥下但仍留在舌間的滋味,也成為「餘韻」,是品評酒的特色與品質是最重要的要素。好酒的餘韻豐腴、持久且多樣。

Aftertaste. The flavours that linger on the tongue after tasting, spitting or swelling wine. Also called the "Finish", it is the most important factor in judging a wine's character and quality. The best wines have rich, long, complex aftertastes.

 

RICCO

馥郁,形容酒具有濃厚且宜人的風味,通常自然甘甜而圓潤。至於不甜的酒中,馥郁可指酒精度與甘油成分高,有強而豐富的複雜滋味與一種橡木桶香草味的特色。如果甜酒的甜味中含有水果香與成熟的滋味,通常就用這個詞來形容。

Rich. Wines with generous, full, pleasant flavours, usually sweet and round in nature. In dry wines, richness may be from a high alcohol and glycerin content, complex flavours and an oaky vanilla character. Sweet wines are called rich when the sweetness is backed by fruity, ripe flavours. 

 

RISERVA

特選,指在桶內經過特定期限陳年的DOC或DOCG之酒類,表示這種酒比一般品質好,因而更值得額外陳年儲存。

Reserve. Indicates a DOC or DOCG wine aged for a specific time period. Implies a wine is of better than average quality, thereby meriting the additional ageing.

 

ROBUSTO

形容酒體濃郁、強烈而有活力。

Robust. Full-bodied, intense and vigorous; can mean a bit overblown.

 

ROSATO

粉紅酒。

Rosé (wine).

 

ROSSO

紅酒。

Red (wine).

 

ROTONDO

圓潤,形同酒的特質具有很好的「均衡度」與「結構」,不會粗糙或平淡。

Round. A quality of wines that have good "balance" and "structure", and are not perceived as harsh, angular, or flat.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary S


葡萄酒字彙 S

GLOSSARY S

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary S


葡萄酒字彙 S

GLOSSARY S

 

SECCO

不甜,通常指氣泡酒。

Brut. Dry, usually in reference to sparkling wine.

 

SEMI-SECCO

中等甜度,通常用於氣泡酒;廣泛形容酒既非完全不甜也不是甜的。

Off-dry. Medium sweet, usually in sparkling wine; A broad descriptor that identifies wines neither totally dry nor sweet.

 

SEVERO

澀,形容富含高度單寧酸或酸度的酒在口中(比較精確的說法是指牙床與口頰間)留下的乾澀味道。

Astringent. A descriptor for the textural sensation of the dryness and roughness left in the mouth (more precisely, on the gums and palate) by wines high in tannin, acid or both.

 

SNELLO

形容酒缺乏實質與結構。

Thin. It is said of wines that lack substance and structure.

 

SPEZIATO

形容酒在桶內經過很長的時間熟成後裝瓶,因而擁有一種像丁香、薄荷、肉桂或胡椒等辛香料的香氣與滋味。

Spicy. A description of a wine that is matured for a long time in barrels then in bottles, and has an aroma and taste of spices like cloves, mint, cinnamon or pepper.

 

SPUMANTE

氣泡酒。

Sparkling wine.

 

STANCO

形容酒失去了色澤、果香或滋味,通常是陳年太久的結果。

Fading. A descriptor for a wine that is losing colour, fruit or flavour, usually as a result of age.

 

STRUTTURA

酒的構造,包括化學與感官兩方面,包含主要成分與最特出的滋味。

Structure. The architecture of a wine, both chemically and organoleptically, is a combination of its main component and its most distinctive flavours.

 

SUPERIORE

頂級的,指某種DOC的酒品質高於一般要求的標準(酒精度較高,陳年時間較久,產於某一特定的小區域),不過相關條件也會變化。

Denotes DOC wine that meets standards above the normal requirements (higher alcohol, longer aging, a special subzone), though conditions vary.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary T


葡萄酒字彙 T

GLOSSARY T

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary T


葡萄酒字彙 T

GLOSSARY T

 

TANNICO

單寧,葡萄的莖、種子與果皮上含有的一種酸,是紅酒(以及某些白酒)的重要成份,也見於用來使酒熟成的木桶中,可使酒的均衡度改變。

Tannin. An acid present in the stems, pips, and skins of grapes that becomes a very important component of red (and some white) wines. It is also found in the wood barrels used for maturation, where it can alter the balance of a wine.

 

TARTARICO

形容酒的酸度很高而且帶有未熟的水果味道。

Tart. A descriptor for wines with high acid content and unripe fruit flavours. Not a compliment.

 

TENACE

形容酒在品飲之後滋味持續的情形。如果餘韻在口頰間逗留了幾秒中,就可說是餘韻縈繞。

Lingering. Describes persistence of flavour in a wine after tasting. When the aftertaste remains on the palate for several seconds, it is said to be lingering.

 

TENUTA

葡萄酒莊。

Farm or estate.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary U


葡萄酒字彙 U

GLOSSARY U

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary U


葡萄酒字彙 U

GLOSSARY U

 

UVA

葡萄,Uva Passa是釀酒用的一種乾葡萄。

Grape. Uva Passa is a dried grape to be used for wine.

 
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葡萄酒字彙 Glossary V


葡萄酒字彙 V

GLOSSARY V

葡萄酒字彙 Glossary V


葡萄酒字彙 V

GLOSSARY V

 

 

VECCHIO

老酒,形容年份久的DOC酒類。

Old, to describe aged DOC wines; Stravecchio, very old.

 

VEGETALE

廣泛形容酒的香味與滋味像蔬菜、植物或香料草。

Vegetal. A broad descriptor for wines that have aromas and flavours that suggest vegetables, plants, or even herbs.

 

VIGNA/VIGNETO

葡萄園,可用於經DOC與DOCG認可的單一葡萄園產製的酒。

Vineyard. Vigna may be used under DOC and DOCG for approved single vineyard wines.

 

VINAIO

酒商、生產酒的人或者酒廠老闆。

Vintner. Wine merchant ("Commerciante di Vini"  or "Vinaio"); wine producer or winery owner ("Produttore di Vini"); wine maker ("Enologo")

 

VINO

葡萄酒。

Wine.

 

VINO NOVELLO

新酒,最近年份釀的酒,順口、果味較重,適合早期飲用,與法文「Nouveau」同義。

Wine of the most recent vintage made in an easy-drinking and fruity style for early consumption, akin to the French "Nouveau".

 

VIN SANTO

用冬季放在草蓆上曬〈晾〉乾的葡萄所釀製的酒,風味比較濃縮。

Wine made from grapes dried on straw mats over the winter to concentrate flavours.

 

VITE

葡萄樹。

Vine.

 

VITICOLTURA

葡萄栽培學。

Viticulture or the cultivation, science and study of grapes.

 

VITIGNO

葡萄樹或葡萄品種。

Vine or grape variety.

 

VIVACE

鮮活,形容帶有些微氣泡的酒。

Lively, for lightly bubbly wines.